Usually, our spinal column is an S-shape. The curve in the waist and neck region is called a lordosis and the curve in the thoracic region is called a kyphosis.

The terms ‘kyphosis’ and ‘hyperkyphosis’ mean an abnormal pronouncement of the thoracic curve.

The most common types of kyphosis are:

  • Postural kyphosis. This is the most common type. Usually, girls suffer more than boys and it most often develops during childhood. The most common cause is bad posture and weak back muscles. The vertebrae are correctly formed and the condition comes on slowly.
  • Scheuermann's Kyphosis also develops in childhood where structural changes to the vertebrae are also seen. It’s often combined with scoliosis (kyphoscoliosis). A scan is needed before it can be diagnosed so the position of the vertebrae can be ascertained.
  • Cognitive kyphosis. This is a congenital deformity of the spinal column.

Kyphosis may develop during an injury to the spinal column and with the occurrence of degenerative and dystrophic changes.

The symptoms of kyphosis are pain in the thoracic region.

Sometimes a muscle spasm is observed and the nerve roots sometimes get compressed.

Such a twisting of the spinal column is most often due to bad posture while sitting, and muscle imbalances may develop.

It’s important to correct a few bad habits so the condition doesn’t get worse. Make your workplace comfortable by adjusting your chair, office, screen monitor and get up from your computer more often.

Make an effort to keep your head and back straight while you’re walking, driving a car or sitting.

In aggravated kyphosis a muscle imbalance is seen and is called upper-crossed syndrome.

A programme of physical exercise is devised to strengthen the weaker muscles and stretching exercises for overburdened muscles. These exercises need to be done every day.