The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland located in the area of the bladder and rectum. It
surrounds the urethra (the tube through which urine exits the body). The prostate plays a
very important role in the bladder and sexual function.
Prostatitis is an inflammation or infection of the prostate. Chronic prostatitis (infection
lasting more than 3 months) is usually the result of inadequately treated acute prostatitis,
the cause of which may be
Symptoms can vary. The most common are bladder dysfunction or sexual dysfunction.
Others may be chronic constipation or pain in the rectal area or above the pubic bone.
Bladder dysfunction problems can include change in frequency of urination, pain and
burning sensation, difficulty initiating flow, weak flow, and incomplete emptying.
Sexual dysfunction can be presented through pain during intercourse or after ejaculation.
Erectile dysfunction is also common (as a result of the deteriorated quality of life).
Pain in chronic prostatitis can be felt in the lower back, thigh, rectum, testicles or penis,
coccyx or pubic bone, groin.
Pelvic floor muscles
The pelvic floor muscles, along with other tissues such as nerves, support the prostate,
pelvic organs, and bladder, thereby regulating urination, defecation, and intercourse. Like
most muscles in our body, these muscles have a voluntary ability to contract and can
develop dysfunction. Physiotherapy can help reduce symptoms and dysfunctions, associated with prostatitis and restore normal pelvic floor function, improving quality of life.
Physiotherapy assessment will aim to obtain all the necessary subjective and objective
information that determines the cause and contributing factors of each individual patient's
complaints. The procedures that would apply could be: