Congenital muscular torticollis, also known as wryneck or a twisted neck is a postural, musculoskeletal deformity visible at birth or soon thereafter. It’s the result of unilateral tearing and increased muscle tone of the Sternocleidomastoid muscle and presents as an inclination of the head on one side and rotation on the other.
The cause remains unknown, although there are several theories. There’s no proof, however, for any of them. The most common are ischemia, birth trauma and incorrect inter-uterine position (position of the pelvis).
The neck muscles are part of a complicated system. Two levels are distinguished: surface (long neck muscles) and deep (paravertebral muscle).
At Okto we believe that the combination of quality equipment, manual therapy and exercise is the right approach to treating and preventing musculoskeletal pathologies in the cervical segment of the head.