Meniscus lesion

The medial and lateral menisci play an important role in absorbing strength and helping to nourish the knee joints. Injuries may alter the joint’s biomechanics and cause pain. Here we will investigate what happens when the meniscus is damaged (tear and/or sprain ).

Meniscus tears occur most often as lesions or cysts. In both cases, there are two causes. The first is trauma and the second is degenerative meniscus tearing. Meniscal cysts may occur with symptoms corresponding to typical meniscal pathology.

Discoid meniscus is a rare congenital disorder where the lateral meniscus spread around instead of its usual cup-like form. There’s usually no symptoms but symptoms may occur if the meniscus is torn..

If you have torn your meniscus, it may be up to 24 hours or more before you start to feel pain and inflammation, especially if it’s only a small tear. You may get the following symptoms in your knee:

  • A ‘popping’ sensation
  • Inflammation or stiffness
  • Pain, especially if you twist or rotate the knee
  • Difficulty in fully straightening the knee.
  • You feel like your knee is locked in one place when you try and move it
  • You feel like your knee is giving in

Physiotherapy helps identify the main cause of the problem and select the right treatment method. The treatment largely depends on the issues identified during your first consultation.